The breast cancer market growth is linked to the rise in breast cancer cases among women around the world. In addition, the market is expanding as a result of favorable reimbursement policies, rising government initiatives, and growing adoption of advanced technologies. Moreover, growing awareness about breast cancer is also fueling the breast cancer screening market globally.
Breast cancer is a disease in which the cells in the breast proliferate uncontrollably. There are various types of breast cancer. The type of breast cancer is determined by which cells in the breast become cancerous. There are numerous places on the breast where breast cancer can start but most breast cancers start from the ducts or lobules. Through blood and lymph vessels, breast cancer can spread outside of the breast. Breast cancer is considered as metastasized when it spreads to different body parts.
Breast cancer cells are examined for the HER2 gene or protein as well as estrogen and progesterone receptors after a biopsy. To determine the grade of the tumor, the tumor cells are examined carefully in the laboratory. The proteins discovered, and the tumor grade can be used to determine cancer's stage and available treatments. Men account for 0.5–1% of breast cancer cases. The same management principles that apply to women also apply to men's breast cancer treatment.
Breast lumps or thickening are the most typical early signs of breast cancer. Even if there is no pain involved, it is crucial that women who discover an abnormal lump in their breasts immediately consult a healthcare professional. A more effective course of treatment is possible when seeking medical attention at the first indication of a potential symptom.
According to the World Health Organization 685,000 people died due to breast cancer worldwide, and 2.3 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2020. Breast cancer is the most common cancer globally and was diagnosed in 7.8 million women in the previous five years. Worldwide, breast cancer causes more lost disability-adjusted life years for women than any other type of cancer.
Breast Cancer Screening Type
To obtain a sample of cells or tissue from the body for laboratory testing, a biopsy is performed. Breast tissue sampling is the process of removing cells from breast tissue for microscopic examination.
Mammography is most used screening method for breast cancer. A special series of x-rays are used for the mammogram in which the doctor looks for any unusual pattern or sign that can cause breast cancer. Typically, these symptoms appear on the mammogram before any breast lumps are felt. Additional tests are also performed if the mammogram reveals anything unusual. These examinations can entail a second mammogram, an ultrasound, or a biopsy. According to studies, women who receive routine mammograms have a 10% to 25% lower risk of dying from breast cancer than those who do not.
Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Breast MRI or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast is a test used to find breast cancer and other breast related abnormalities. Multiple pictures of the breast are taken during a breast MRI. A computer combines breast MRI images to produce detailed images. Usually, a breast MRI is conducted following a cancer-positive biopsy. Breast MRIs can be used to assess the severity of the condition and pinpoint cancer stages. Breast MRI can also be used in conjunction with mammography as a screening tool for finding breast cancer in people who are at high risk of developing the disease, have a strong family history of the disease, or have hereditary gene changes that increase the risk of developing this disease.